In a related issue, Risperdal sales practices resulted in a 2012 provisional settlement totaling $ billion.  The United States Department of Justice began investigating Risperdal sales practices in 2004, and in 2010 joined a whistleblowers suit alleging bribes paid to Omnicare , the largest company supplying pharmaceutical drugs to nursing homes.   The allegations include that Johnson & Johnson and Janssen were warned by the . Food and Drug Administration (FDA) not to promote Risperdal as effective and safe for elderly patients when in fact it is associated with early death, but they did so; and that they in fact bribed Omnicare pharmacists tens of millions of dollars to promote the drug to care home physicians for this unapproved use. A settlement was provisionally agreed with Johnson & Johnson of around $ billion for this and related allegations, with Omnicare having already settled for around $100 million.  Former head of sales and president of Janssen, Alex Gorsky , who the Dept of Justice say “was actively involved” in the fraud, nevertheless become the new CEO of Johnson & Johnson in 2012. 
Detection of halotestin and other such illegal anabolic steroids in sports is achieved by GS-MS identification of urinary excreted anabolic steroids and their metabolites. In a test for halotestin, a dry residue obtained from a urine sample is dissolved in dimethylformamide and a sulfur trioxide-pyridine complex and is heated with 1% potassium carbonate solution. Halotestin and many of its metabolites contain two polar hydroxyl groups, leading to intermolecular hydrogen bonding that increases their boiling point and reduces volatility. In order to attain a gaseous sample for GC-MS, the products of hydrolysis are extracted, dissolved in methanol and derivatised to form volatile trimethylsilyl (TMS) esters by adding N -methyl- N -trimethylsilyl-trifluoroacetamide (MSTFA) and trimethylsilylimidazole (TMSImi). 
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