In men, low testosterone levels in the body can be supplemented by hormone replacement with testosterone. Testosterone replacement therapy can be prescribed as an intramuscular injection usually given on a biweekly basis; as a patch or gel placed on the skin, or as putty that is applied to the gums of the mouth. Each of the treatments has its risks and benefits. The decision as to which form of testosterone to use depends upon the clinical situation. Discussions between the patient and health care professional often helps decide which medication to use.
In the United States there are currently no preparations that are FDA approved for testosterone replacement for women.
Beyond decreased sperm production, another repercussion you don't see in the pop-up window ads asking "Is it low T?" is dependence: Once you begin taking testosterone, it's very difficult to stop because the body accommodates for the extra hormone and slows its natural production of it. In reality, replacing hormones is a lifelong commitment. Perhaps that's why some doctors are counseling patients to use caution and to look for other solutions before signing on for full testosterone therapy. Others see the gradual decrease in testosterone as a natural form of aging that we can combat by building muscle and reducing stress, even while we accept it and learn to live with it.
After review of the results of the initial blood tests, if the doctor decides that it’s safe and appropriate to start testosterone replacement therapy, a prescription for one month’s testosterone replacement therapy will be authorised. A further blood test will be needed after three weeks to see how you are responding to treatment. All being well, a further five months of treatment will be authorised before another blood test is needed to check your testosterone levels , a year after treatment is initiated, and each year after that, further blood tests will then be needed to ensure that the ideal level of testosterone in your body is maintained and that your continued use of testosterone replacement therapy remains safe. We will be checking for indications of prostate or blood problems that can occur.