Even once the flocks have been caponized, they still present challenges to the contemporary farmer. Jim Schiltz, who owns specialty poultry processor Schiltz Foods, struggles to get his suppliers to meet even the modest demand for capons. FDA inspectors maintain extremely strict standards for what can be sold as a capon, and for flocks to make the grade, “you need to give them a little TLC. You need to give them a space. You need to feed them slow,” says Schiltz. If a bird isn’t certified as a true capon, it can only be sold as one of those mammoth roasters that don’t fetch a high enough price to justify raising the bird for 17 weeks (conventional chickens are often slaughtered after as few as four weeks).
(plural testes ), 1704, from Latin testis "testicle," usually regarded as a special application of testis "witness" (see testament ), presumably because it "bears witness" to virility (cf. Greek parastates , literally "one that stands by;" and French slang témoins , literally "witnesses"). But Buck thinks Greek parastatai "testicles" has been wrongly associated with the legal sense of parastates "supporter, defender" and suggests instead parastatai in the sense of twin "supporting pillars, props of a mast," etc. Walde, meanwhile, suggests a connection between testis and testa "pot, shell, etc."
Each sperm produced by the testes takes about seventy-two days to mature and its maturity is overseen by a complex interaction of hormones. The scrotum has a built-in thermostat that keeps the testes and sperm at the correct temperature. It may be surprising that the testes should lie in such a vulnerable place outside the body, but it is too hot for them inside. Spermatogenesis requires a temperature that is three to five degrees Fahrenheit below body temperature. If it becomes too cool on the outside, the cremaster muscle will contract to bring the testes closer the body for warmth.